After a break of a couple of years I decided to get back into analogue photography last autumn.
I was going on a trip to Belarus and wanted some instant photos to stick into my journal so picked up a second-hand Fuji instant camera and a couple of packs of instant film. I liked the results but not the price of the film. So, I went back online and got a Canon Ixus APS camera and some old film. The photos were amazing so I sold on the Fuji and kept the Canon.
I gave away my Praktika TL1000 a few years ago but had a hankering to go back to the pre-digital SLR age. A Pentax SFXn came my way for a few pounds so I stocked up with batteries and old Fomapan B & W film. I have since added a no brand plastic camera and several throwaway cameras to the analogue armoury. Each camera and each film is unique so I get some interesting results.
The downside of the analogue resurgence is the cost of developing film. It is a trek to find the developing shop which can do my APS and the B & W has to be sent away. The solution is the Caffenol Developing Process.
As is the way of things, all three sets of digital scales in my cupboard are malfunctioning and the thermometer cracked when placed in water. I consulted the web and found a process using spoons on http://www.caffenol.org. Look up “recipes.”
Two stage developer
- 240ml Water, 7 rounded Teaspoons of Instant Coffee (I used M&S)
- 100ml Water, 4 Teaspoons of Washing Soda (I used DP washing soda)
- 2 Teaspoons of Vitamin C (got the powder off the internet)
- A dark room changing bag
- A developing tank with spiral wheel
- A pair of scissors
- A can opener
- A couple of spoons
- A couple of jugs or bottles
- A timer
- A used film
First, put everything you need into the changing bag and close it up. Put your arms through the holes and spend some time fiddling about trying to get the cap off the film.. When you have done that get the film out. Snip off the shaped end bit which feeds into the camera spool. Attach newly shorn end into the niches on the reel. Spool entire film on. Snip off end bit attached to the cannister spool. All film should be nicely attached. If not, then the developing mix cannot really get to all parts and not all the film is developed. Place the reel onto the centre column and lock into developing tank with funnel lid firmly placed.
Put the Coffee mix into the developing tank, agitate once per second for the first minute. Leave it for another 2 minutes, agitate for 10 seconds every minute.
Pour out 100ml of Water and add the Washing Soda mix.
Agitate once per second for the first minute. Agitate for 10 seconds every minute for 9 minutes. Stand development for another 4 minutes.
Now wash out thoroughly several times. This gets rid of the coffee stuff.
When that is done you need to fix the image onto the film. You can use a salt solution or chemical fixer. Agitate several times and then pour out. Wash the film in water.
Unpack the film and get all the water off with a squeegee. Hang the film up to dry before scanning or printing.
Full information on the process is also to be found on:
I had a bash and the results were better than the first time…..
I failed to get the film onto the reel properly because I forgot to stick the scissors in the bag! And I could probably have done with timing the process better.
Here are my results: